Menstrual cramps are the result of hormone-induced muscular contractions of the uterus. They are often heaviest during the first day or two of your period, and usually subside within a few days. Cramps are a normal part of your cycle as your uterus sheds its lining each month, but significant pain or heavy flow should not be dismissed. As any woman who has been through labor can tell you, the uterus is a strong muscle capable of very intense contractions. What you may not know is that the normal changes that cause you to bleed each month also cause the uterus to contract.
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For some women, that time of month is literally a pain in the butt, Kelly Kasper, M. Cramps, uterine swelling, and bloating can put pressure on your gluteal muscles—the ones that make up the buttocks. When enough tension builds, the muscles might spasm, causing pain in the lower back, pelvis, and butt. This could also make you feel like you have to pee, Elizabeth Kavaler, M. Butt pain during period days is especially common if your uterus tilts toward your back, says Christine Herde, M. But if yours tilts in the reverse direction, which is less common but normal, you might feel cramps in the back or butt.
If you're the proud owner of a uterus, you're likely well acquainted with cramps. But to understand why you get them in the first place, it's helpful to think of the uterus like a huge muscle because, well, basically it is —and it gets a pretty big workout during your period. Most of the time, painful period cramps are super inconvenient, but pretty much NBD So how can you tell the difference between normal period pain and something more serious? It might be : uterine fibroids.
Back to Health A to Z. Period pain is common and a normal part of your menstrual cycle. Most women get it at some point in their lives. The pain sometimes comes in intense spasms, while at other times it may be dull but more constant. Period pain happens when the muscular wall of the womb tightens contracts.